Nine Inch Nails (abbreviated as NIN and stylized as NIИ) is an American industrial rock band founded in 1988 by Trent Reznor in Cleveland, Ohio. The origins of the band date back to 1988, while Reznor was employed as a janitor at a studio in Cleveland. The bands' name was taken from a review about the band Pailhead that was in the WaxTrax! catalog: "Pailhead is a sonic wonder that could bite the heads off nine inch nails." Utilizing off-hour sessions, Reznor recorded and released the band's debut album, the synth-pop oriented Pretty Hate Machine (1989), under TVT Records to minor success.