Maxim Gorky

  • Born: (Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod Governorate, Russian Empire) [O.S. March 16, 1868]
  • Died: (Gorki-10, Moscow Oblast, Soviet Union)

Alexei Maximovich Peshkov (Russian: Алексей Максимович Пешков or Пешков), primarily known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Russian and Soviet writer, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist.

He was also a five-time nominee for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Around fifteen years before success as a writer, he frequently changed jobs and roamed across the Russian Empire; these experiences would later influence his writing. Gorky's most famous works were The Lower Depths (1902), Twenty-six Men and a Girl, The Song of the Stormy Petrel, The Mother, Summerfolk and Children of the Sun. He had an association with fellow Russian writers Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov; Gorky would later write his memoirs on both of them.


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